约翰福音信息之五十三---属灵洞见与灵性瞎眼

约9:35-41


如果把约翰福音第九章视为一出戏剧,在其主要场景的前后加上序幕与尾声,这出完整的戏剧可做如下概括:


1. 序幕:是谁犯了罪?(约9:1-5)

2. 场景一:主耶稣医治生来瞎眼的人(约9:6-7)

3. 场景二:邻舍和众人对此事的议论(约9:8-12) ---第一次作见证

4. 场景三:法利赛人查问生来瞎眼人(约9:13-17)---第二次作见证

5. 场景四:法利赛人查问瞎眼人父母(约9:18-23)

6. 场景五:法利赛人再次查问瞎眼人(约9:24-34)---第三次作见证

7. 尾声:属灵的眼界(约9:35-41)


第一篇信息讲了序幕,第二篇信息讲了中间的五个场景;今天是第三篇信息尾声---属灵的眼界。


一.瞎眼与世人的光景


福音书中多次记载主耶稣医治人瞎眼的神迹,超过其他任何种类疾病的医治。


“耶稣从那里往前走,有两个瞎子跟着祂,喊叫说,大卫的子孙,可怜我们吧。耶稣进了房子,瞎子就来到祂跟前,耶稣说,你们信我能作这事吗?他们说,主阿,我们信。耶稣就摸他们的眼睛,说,照着你们的信给你们成全了吧。他们的眼睛就开了。”(太9:27-30)


“As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed Him, calling out, "Have mercy on us, Son of David!" When He had gone indoors, the blind men came to Him, and He asked them, "Do you believe that I am able to do this?" "Yes, Lord," they replied. Then he touched their eyes and said, "According to your faith will it be done to you"; and their sight was restored.” (Matt 9:27-30)


“当下有人将一个被鬼附着,又瞎又哑的人,带到耶稣那里。耶稣就医治他,甚至那哑吧又能说话,又能看见。”(太12:22)


“Then they brought Him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, and Jesus healed him, so that he could both talk and see.”(Matt 12:22)


“到了耶利哥。耶稣同门徒并许多人出耶利哥的时候,有一个讨饭的瞎子,是底买的儿子巴底买,坐在路旁。他听见是拿撒勒的耶稣,就喊着说,‘大卫的子孙耶稣阿,可怜我吧。’…耶稣就站住,说,‘叫过他来。’… 瞎子就丢下衣服,跳起来,走到耶稣那里。耶稣说,‘要我为你作什么?’瞎子说,‘拉波尼,我要能看见。’耶稣说,‘你去吧。你的信救了你了。’瞎子立刻看见了,就在路上跟随耶稣。”(可10:46-52)


“Then they came to Jericho. As Jesus and his disciples, together with a large crowd, were leaving the city, a blind man, Bartimaeus (that is, the Son of Timaeus), was sitting by the roadside begging. When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!" …Jesus stopped and said, "Call him." …Throwing his cloak aside, he jumped to his feet and came to Jesus. "What do you want me to do for you?" Jesus asked him. The blind man said, "Rabbi, I want to see." "Go," said Jesus, "your faith has healed you." Immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus along the road..”(Mark 10:46-52)


“耶稣说了这话,就吐唾沫在地上,用唾沫和泥抹在瞎子的眼睛上,对他说,‘你往西罗亚池子里去洗,’(西罗亚翻出来,就是奉差遣)他去一洗,回头就看见了。”(约9:6-7)


“Having said this, he spit on the ground, made some mud with the saliva, and put it on the man's eyes. "Go," he told him, "wash in the Pool of Siloam" (this word means Sent). So the man went and washed, and came home seeing.”(John 9:6-7)


为什么福音书用许多的篇幅记载主耶稣医治人的瞎眼?因为瞎眼作为类比,预表了世人被罪恶、堕落、败坏所裹挟、身处属灵黑暗的光景。


“祸哉,那些称恶为善,称善为恶,以暗为光,以光为暗,以苦为甜,以甜为苦的人。”(赛5:20)


“Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.”(Isa 5:20)


“愚昧无知的百姓阿,你们有眼不看,有耳不听,现在当听这话。”(耶5:21)


“Hear this, you foolish and senseless people, who have eyes but do not see, who have ears but do not hear:”(Jer 5:21)


“他们心地昏昧,与神所赐的生命隔绝了,都因自己无知,心里刚硬。”(弗4:18)


“They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts.”(Eph 4:18)


“光来到世间,世人因自己的行为是恶的,不爱光倒爱黑暗,定他们的罪就是在此。”(约3:19)


“This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but men loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.” (John 3:19)


“他们所以不能信,因为以赛亚又说,‘主叫他们瞎了眼,硬了心,免得他们眼睛看见,心里明白,回转过来,我就医治他们。’”(约12:39-40)


“For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere: "He has blinded their eyes and deadened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn--and I would heal them."”(John 12:39-40)


旧约从来没有出现瞎眼得医治的神迹(约9:32),直等到基督的到来。而基督弥赛亚的主要事工,祂道成肉身来到世上,不仅要医治人肉体的瞎眼,祂更要开启罪人属灵的眼睛,使人能以看清、明白有关生命的属灵事物。


“那时瞎子的眼必睁开,聋子的耳必开通。”(赛35:5)


“Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.”(Isa 35:5)


“我耶和华凭公义召你,必搀扶你的手,保守你,使你作众民的中保,作外邦人的光,开瞎子的眼,领被囚的出牢狱,领坐黑暗的出监牢。”(赛42:6-7)


“"I, the LORD, have called You in righteousness; I will take hold of Your hand. I will keep You and will make You to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles, to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.”(Isa 42:6-7)


当主耶稣开始祂在地上的传道事工的时候,使徒马太引用先知以赛亚的预言说,“那坐在黑暗里的百姓,看见了大光,坐在死荫之地的人,有光发现照着他们。”(太4:16)


“The people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."”(Matt 4:16)


“耶稣又对众人说,‘我是世界的光。跟从我的,就不在黑暗里走,必要得着生命的光。’”(约8:12)


“When Jesus spoke again to the people, He said, "I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."”(John 8:12)


当主耶稣呼召保罗时吩咐他说,“我差你到他们那里去,要叫他们的眼睛得开,从黑暗中归向光明,从撒但权下归向神。又因信我,得蒙赦罪,和一切成圣的人同得基业。”(徒26:18)


“To open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in Me.'”(Acts 26:18)


而蒙恩得救之人的使命,也是要引领人出黑暗入光明。


“惟有你们是被拣选的族类,是有君尊的祭司,是圣洁的国度,是属神的子民,要叫你们宣扬那召你们出黑暗入奇妙光明者的美德。”(彼前2:9)


“But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.”(1 Pet 2:9)


因此,从救恩意义上讲,约翰福音第九章生来瞎眼的人得医治,是罪人蒙受神的恩典、得着耶稣基督救恩的预表。


二.瞎眼人的属灵洞见


“耶稣听说他们把他赶出去。后来遇见他,就说,‘你信神的儿子吗?’他回答说,‘主阿,谁是神的儿子,叫我信祂呢?’耶稣说,‘你已经看见祂,现在和你说话的就是祂。’他说,‘主阿,我信。’就拜耶稣。”(约9:35-38)


“Jesus heard that they had thrown him out, and when He found him, He said, "Do you believe in the Son of Man?" "Who is He, sir?" the man asked. "Tell me so that I may believe in Him." Jesus said, "You have now seen Him; in fact, He is the one speaking with you." Then the man said, "Lord, I believe," and he worshiped Him.”(John 9:35-38)


“耶稣听说他们把他赶出去。” (约9:35)少有人像这个生来瞎眼的人那样遭遇命运的颠簸起伏。


看过一个小视频,有人把一种特制的眼镜,递给色盲患者的人们,当他们带上眼镜,终于可以看见周围花朵的五彩缤纷时,他们一个个情不自禁地流泪了。而这个生来瞎眼的人,一生从来没有看见过光明与色彩,成为一个边缘化的被人唾弃的乞丐。直到有一天,耶稣医治了他,他终于能够看见了。可想他的欢喜快乐、奔走跳跃的兴奋和激动。然而,周围却少有人分享他的喜乐,他被带到法利赛人那里,被法利赛人像审讯罪犯那样一遍又一遍地查问,最后仅仅因为他坚持讲真话,就被犹太人赶出会堂,落入比先前乞讨更为糟糕的境地。


然而,这样一个被社会抛弃的人,主耶稣却主动找到他(When He found him),好像对他说,他们把你赶出去,我却要收留你。主耶稣不仅找到他,而且寻找更多的人。


“人子来,为要寻找拯救失丧的人。”(路19:10)


“For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost.”(Luke 19:10)


“就如经上所记,‘没有义人,连一个也没有。没有明白的,没有寻求神的。都是偏离正路,一同变为无用。没有行善的,连一个也没有。’”(罗3:10-12)


“As it is written: "There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one."”(Rom 3:10-12)


世人天生不认识神,处于黑暗的光景,与生俱来就是抵挡神,没有主动寻求神的。我们生来就像这个瞎眼的人无助无望,向来都是主亲自寻找失丧的人。


“你信神的儿子吗?”(Do you believe in the Son of Man?)(约9:35)


“神的儿子”本意是“人子”(The Son of Man),是出自但以理书弥赛亚的一个称号。


“我在夜间的异象中观看,见有一位像人子的,驾着天云而来,被领到亘古常在者面前,得了权柄,荣耀,国度,使各方,各国,各族的人都事奉祂。祂的权柄是永远的,不能废去。祂的国必不败坏。”(但7:13-14)


“"I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him. Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, And His kingdom the one Which shall not be destroyed.” (Dan 7:13-14)


“人子”(The Son of Man)是主耶稣在福音书中的谦称,同时也是弥赛亚的称号。奇妙的是,这位生来瞎眼的人竟然听懂主耶稣的话,“主阿,谁是神的儿子,叫我信祂呢?”(约9:36)


这位生来瞎眼的人,他的心已经预备好,相信接受救主弥赛亚,只是他不知道谁是祂。当耶稣和泥抹在他的眼睛上并吩咐他去西罗亚池子去洗的时候,他并没有看见耶稣,但他显然辨认出主耶稣的声音。很奇妙,约翰福音第十章就是讲论耶稣是好牧人,祂在羊的前头走,羊也认得祂的声音。


这里所说的主,类似于“先生,”“夫子”等意思,虽然他还不认识主耶稣,但他的态度中含着诚恳与尊重,从侧面可以看出他的心是已经预备好的好土。


“你已经看见祂,现在和你说话的就是祂。”(约9:37)


这是约翰福音中主耶稣第二次向个人显明祂自己的身份。


“妇人说,‘我知道弥赛亚,(就是那称为基督的)要来。祂来了,必将一切的事都告诉我们。’ 耶稣说,‘这和你说话的就是祂。’”(约4:25-26)


“The woman said, "I know that Messiah" (called Christ) "is coming. When He comes, He will explain everything to us." Then Jesus declared, "I who speak to you am He."”(John 4:25-26)


主耶稣向那些没有人被社会唾弃的边缘人显明祂自己,因为他们意识到自己的需要。正如主耶稣自己所说的:


“因为凡有的,还要加给他,叫他有余。没有的,连他所有的,也要夺过来。”(太25:29)


“For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken from him.”(Matt 25:29)


“他说,‘主阿,我信。’就拜耶稣。”(约9:38)


属灵眼界的开启,必然是相信耶稣基督,承认耶稣是主!


“主啊,我信!”(“Lord, I Believe!”)


至此,这个生来瞎眼人完成了他对主耶稣认识的最后一个步骤:一个人(a man),一个先知(a prophet),出自神(from God),主(Lord)!


这个世界说,“眼见为实!”(Seeing is Believing.)


但在属灵的范畴,是要信才能看见。(Believing is Seeing!)


“耶稣说,‘我不是对你说过,你若信,就必看见神的荣耀吗?’”(约11:40)


“Then Jesus said, "Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?"”(John 11:40)


相信耶稣,并不单单是理智知道有关耶稣的信息或事实(Know some Information or facts about Jesus),而是信靠交托,承认祂是救主,也尊祂为主,顺服祂,遵照祂的旨意而行.(Trust and Obey Him.)


今天的世界,知道有关耶稣的一些事实的人很多很多,但真正信靠耶稣、将自己的生命交托于耶稣的人很少很少。认识耶稣基督,关乎人永恒的生命与归宿,而许多人竟视同儿戏,这是一件非常悲哀的事。


“(他)就拜耶稣!”


信靠耶稣自然引出敬拜的行动,一个真正重生悔改的信徒,必然是热爱耶稣、渴慕耶稣、敬拜耶稣。福音书的记载,几乎所有真正认识耶稣基督的人,都情不自禁地敬拜祂。而耶稣基督也心安理得地接受这个生来瞎眼人的敬拜,这是祂神性的又一个明证。


“祂本有神的形像,不以自己与神同等为强夺的。反倒虚己,取了奴仆的形像,成为人的样式。既有人的样子,就自己卑微,存心顺服,以至于死,且死在十字架上。所以神将祂升为至高,又赐给祂那超乎万名之上的名,叫一切在天上的,地上的,和地底下的,因耶稣的名,无不屈膝,无不口称耶稣基督为主,使荣耀归与父神。”(腓2:6-11)


“Who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”(Phil 2:6-11,NKJV)


三.法利赛人灵性瞎眼


“耶稣说,‘我为审判到这世上来,叫不能看见的,可以看见。能看见的,反瞎了眼。’同祂在那里的法利赛人,听见这话,就说,‘难道我们也瞎了眼吗?’ 耶稣对他们说,‘你们若瞎了眼,就没有罪了。但如今你们说,我们能看见,所以你们的罪还在。’”(约9:39-41)


“Jesus said, "For judgment I have come into this world, so that the blind will see and those who see will become blind." Some Pharisees who were with Him heard Him say this and asked, "What? Are we blind too?" Jesus said, "If you were blind, you would not be guilty of sin; but now that you claim you can see, your guilt remains.”(John 9:39-41)


“我为审判到这世上来。”(约9:39)


主耶稣这话与约3:17冲突吗?


“因为神差祂的儿子降世,不是要定世人的罪,乃是要叫世人因祂得救。”(约3:17)


“For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through Him.”(John 3:17)


“人子来不是要灭人的性命,是要救人的性命。”(路9:56)


“"For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men's lives but to save them."”(Luke 9:56,NKJV)


“基督耶稣降世,为要拯救罪人。这话是可信的,是十分可佩服的。”(提前1:15)


“Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners.” (提前1:15)


所以,主耶稣道成肉身、降世为人,是要在十字架上舍身流血拯救罪人,不是要对世人审判定罪。然而,虽然主耶稣第一次来不是要审判世人,但那些拒绝耶稣基督的人,就自动地定自己的罪。耶稣到世上来,人因着对祂的认识和态度被自动分开,这种分别其实也是一种审判。


正如西面的预言:“这孩子被立,是要叫以色列中许多人跌倒,许多人兴起。又要作毁谤的话柄。叫许多人心里的意念显露出来。”(路2:34-35)


“This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed.”(Luke 2:34-35)


所以约3:18节紧接着说,


“信祂的人,不被定罪。不信的人,罪已经定了,因为他不信神独生子的名。”(约3:18)


“Whoever believes in Him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in the name of God's one and only Son.”(John 3:18)


“若有人听见我的话不遵守,我不审判他。我来本不是要审判世界,乃是要拯救世界。弃绝我不领受我话的人,有审判他的。就是我所讲的道,在末日要审判他。”(约12:47-48)


“"As for the person who hears My words but does not keep them, I do not judge him. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save it. There is a judge for the one who rejects Me and does not accept My words; that very word which I spoke will condemn him at the last day.”(John 12:47-48)


法利赛人拒绝耶稣基督,自动为自己带来审判。


“叫不能看见的,可以看见。能看见的,反瞎了眼。”(约9:39)


主耶稣讲的是双关语,提到肉体和属灵双重的层面。


如同这个生来瞎眼的人,他因主耶稣的神迹医治,原本是生来瞎眼,如今可以看见。不仅如此,他属灵的眼睛也被主耶稣开启,他可以看得见、辨认出、并接受主耶稣为基督、为救主。而那些法利赛人,他们肉眼的视力没有问题可以看得清楚,但他们灵性的眼睛是盲瞎的,他们认不出耶稣是基督,或者他们因骄傲自义拒绝承认耶稣就是基督。


使徒保罗在大马色路上的经历也是如此。保罗带着大祭司的文书,去大马色捉拿基督徒下监。然而,复活的主耶稣在大马色的路上向他显现,荣耀的大光是保罗的眼睛三天不能看见。然而,当他的肉眼不能看见时,他灵里的眼睛被打开了,他看清楚耶稣正是那荣耀的救主。


“法利赛人听见这话,就说,‘难道我们也瞎了眼吗?’”(约9:40)


“What? Are we blind too?”(John 9:40,NIV)

“Are we blind also?”(John 9:40,NKJV)

“We are not blind too, are we?”(直译)


法利赛人的傲慢和无知可真是到家:纵然别人都瞎了眼,难道我们也瞎了眼吗?


箴言说得好:“你见自以为有智慧的人吗?愚昧人比他更有指望。”(箴26:12)


“Do you see a man wise in his own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for him.”(Prov 26:12)


法利赛人的骄傲、自义、自满、自信使他们无法看见主耶稣的荣耀,他们拒绝耶稣基督实在是弄瞎了自己的心眼,当然魔鬼撒但也有份于此。


“此等不信之人,被这世界的神弄瞎了心眼,不叫基督荣耀福音的光照着他们。基督本是神的像。”(林后4:4)